Download PDF Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought

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Biology -- Soviet Union -- Philosophy -- History. Related Titles. Series: Monographs on the history and philosophy of biology. New York : Oxford University Press. ISBN : alk. MMS ID. Get It.

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Virtual Browse. Explore Syndetics Unbound. Summary Nineteenth century Russian intellectuals perceived a Malthusian bias in Darwin's theory of evolution by means of natural selection.


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They identified that bias with Darwin's concept of the struggle for existence and his emphasis upon the evolutionary role of overpopulation and intraspecific conflict. In this book, Todes documents a historical Russian critique of Darwin's Malthusian error, explores its relationship to such scientific work as Mechnikov's phagocytic theory, Korzhinskii's mutation theory and Kropotkin's theory of mutual aid, and finds its origins in Russia's political economy and in the very nature of its land and climate.

This is the first book in English to examine in detail the scientific work of nineteenth century Russian evolutionists, and the first in any language to explore the relationship of Russian theories to the economic, political, and natural circumstances in which they were generated. It combines a broad scope dealing with political figures and cultural movements with a close analysis of scientific work on a range of topics.

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Nineteenth century Russian intellectuals perceived a Malthusian bias in Darwin's theory of evolution by means of natural selection. In this book, Todes documents a historical Russian critique of Darwin's Malthusian error, read more. Summary for music and videos. Video Games.


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About the author. Daniel P. More by This Author. Look inside Introduction p. Also useful is George L. There is no biography of Kropotkin that takes full account of both his biological and political interests, but his political views and activities are analyzed in Martin Allen Miller, Kropotkin Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press, A more widely known—indeed, notorious—figure in Russian biology is T. Lysenko New York: Columbia Univ. More idiosyncratic is Dominique Lecourt, Proletarian Science?

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Sort order. Dec 22, Bryn Hammond rated it it was amazing Shelves: animals-and-humans. Here's a strange topic. I love this book. It's about Russian science in the 19th century and how they interpreted Darwin. Which is quite differently to how England and France and Germany interpreted him. Why the difference?

This book sets out to explain: Russian scientists didn't see a 'struggle for existence' going on around them. Because of their environment, they saw more evidence of co-operation in - and among - animal species, and 'mutual aid' described the way of the world for them, not th Here's a strange topic. Because of their environment, they saw more evidence of co-operation in - and among - animal species, and 'mutual aid' described the way of the world for them, not the cut-throat struggle. How fascinating is that? View 1 comment.

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Oct 13, Kristin rated it it was amazing. This book is totally brilliant. Todes traces the way that Darwin's metaphor "the struggle for existence," which resonated well in British society, simply didn't translate into the Russian cultural context. There, it seemed like ultra-Malthusianism, and evolutionist ideas ended up morphing into the more cooperativist forms propagated by Kropotkin. Such a smart project!

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